Oh boy…..this POST is a trove of VALUABLE STUFF. I HIGHLY Recommend that you take a moment of your time to read this information. It could help to greatly improve your health and life style and may even help in the healing of your illness.
I have been a proponent of Quercetin and take it myself. I try to include food rich quercetin and bromelain in my diet. I have found it to be beneficial and I recommend that you read the following articles by Dr. Axe. “Research shows that anti-inflammatory foods containing quercetin can help manage a number of inflammatory health problems, including heart disease and blood vessel problems, allergies, infections, chronic fatigue, and symptoms related to autoimmune disorders like arthritis. “
I would also like to mention that Dr. Axe has some of the very best healthy and delicious recipes that I have found. Visit Dr Axe at https://draxe.com
7 Proven Benefits of Quercetin (#1 is Incredible)
Have you ever wondered what makes a “superfood” super? Or what key superfoods like red wine, green tea, kale and blueberries all have in common? The answer is quercetin, a natural compound tied to what all of us seek: better longevity, heart health, endurance, immune system and more.
What is Quercetin? Find Out Here.
Research even shows that quercetin displays anticancer properties. In fact, there isn’t much this powerful antioxidant compound can’t do, especially when combined with the health benefits of bromelain, an anti-inflammatory enzyme.All this explains why I strongly recommend consuming food sources that contain quercetin regularly. But what are those foods? And how much should you consume? Let’s explore.
What Is Quercetin?
Quercetin is a type of flavonoid antioxidant that’s found in plant foods, including leafy greens, tomatoes, berries and broccoli. (1) It’s technically considered a “plant pigment,” which is exactly why it’s found in deeply colored, nutrient-packed fruits and veggies.
Considered one of the most abundant antioxidants in the human diet, quercetin plays an important part in fighting free radical damage, the effects of aging and inflammation. (2) While you can get plenty of quercetin from eating a healthy diet, some people also take quercetin supplements for their strong anti-inflammatory effects.
According to the Department of Pathology and Diagnostics at the University of Verona in Italy, quercetin and other flavonoids are “anti-viral, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic agents” with potential to be expressed positively in different cell types in both animals and humans. (3) Flavonoid polyphenols are most beneficial for down-regulating or suppressing inflammatory pathways and functions. Quercetin is considered the most diffused and known nature-derived flavonol there is, showing strong effects on immunity and inflammation caused by leukocytes and other intracellular signals.
How Does Quercetin Work and How Much Do We Need?
Research shows that anti-inflammatory foods containing quercetin can help manage a number of inflammatory health problems, including heart disease and blood vessel problems, allergies, infections, chronic fatigue, and symptoms related to autoimmune disorders like arthritis. How exactly do flavonoids like quercetin do so much to benefit us?
It all comes down to high-antioxidant foods‘ ability to be “scavenge free radicals.” As a major bioflavonoid in our diets, quercetin (a type of “polyphenolic antioxidant”) helps slow the aging progress because it lessens the effects of oxidative stress on the body. (4) Oxidative stress takes place in all of us but is increased by things like a poor diet, high levels of stress, a lack of sleep and exposure to chemical toxins.
Quercetin plays a role in regulating the immune system’s response to outside stressors through cell signaling pathways called kinases and phosphatases, two types of enzyme and membrane proteins needed for proper cellular function.
Quercetin Dosage Recommendations:
There isn’t a daily recommended amount of quercetin, so dosage recommendations can vary depending on your health condition. Estimates show that most people typically get between five and 40 milligrams of quercetin a day from eating common plant foods, however if you stick with a nutrient-dense diet overall, you’re likely to take in much more — as much as 500 milligrams daily according to some reports! (5)
Optimal doses of quercetin have not been established for any specific conditions by the FDA or any other governing health authority at this time, so it’s up to you and your doctor to decide what amount works best for you. For people who turn to quercetin supplements, common oral dosages are 500 milligrams taken twice daily, but it’s also definitely possible to experience benefits when taking lower dosages.
Quercetin supplements are available in all types of pills or capsules and are commonly used in formulas along with bromelain, another anti-inflammatory enzyme found in pineapples that is also useful for fighting allergies. When buying quercetin capsules or supplements, make sure to purchase from a reputable brand and read ingredients carefully, since the amount of active ingredient can vary widely depending on the manufacturer (which is one reason it’s hard to recommend a specific dose).
Benefits of Quercetin
1. Lowers Inflammation
Flavonoids, including quercetin, are important anti-inflammatories because they act as antioxidants, which mean they literally fight the natural process of “oxidation” that takes place over time as we age. Quercetin can help stop damaging particles in the body known as free radicals, which negatively impact how cells work — including damaging cell membranes, changing the way DNA works, increasing cell mutations and causing healthy cells to die.
Research now shows us that inflammation is the root of most diseases, including heart disease, cancer, cognitive decline, some mental disorders and autoimmune disorders. The most well-researched effects of quercetin on fighting inflammation have been found in foods (especially fruits and veggies) that naturally supply flavonoids and other polyphenols, so we still have more to learn about the long-term effects of taking antioxidant supplements to lower inflammatory diseases. At this time, practitioners and patients report using quercetin to effectively fight conditions related to inflammation, including (6):
- “hardening of the arteries” (atherosclerosis)
- high cholesterol
- heart disease and circulation problems
- insulin resistance and diabetes
- eye-related disorders, including cataracts
- allergies, asthma and hay fever
- stomach ulcers
- cognitive impairment
- viral infections
- inflammation of the prostate, bladder and ovaries
- chronic fatigue syndrome
- chronic infections of the prostate
- skin disorders, including dermatitis and hives
2. Fights Allergies
Quercetin is a natural antihistamine and an anti-inflammatory, making it effective for naturally lowering the effects of season and food allergies, plus asthma and skin reactions. Histamines are chemicals that are released when the immune system detects an allergy or sensitivity, and they are what account for uncomfortable symptoms we face whenever the body has an allergic reaction.
Quercetin can help stabilize the release of histamines from certain immune cells, which results in decreased symptoms like coughs, watery eyes, runny noses, hives, swollen lips or tongue, and indigestion. In fact, it’s so effective that quercetin is used in ancient Chinese herbal formulas created to block allergies to certain foods (such as peanuts), known as food allergy herbal formulas. Studies show that quercetin, a natural medicine and phytochemical, is equivalent at fighting allergies as some prescription medications, all with little to no side effects. (7)
3. Supports Heart Health
Because of its ability to lower inflammation and oxidative stress, quercetin seems to be beneficial for people with heart and blood vessel-related disorders. (8) For example, eating lots of deeply colored fruits and veggies that contain flavonoids is linked to a lower risk of cardiovascular diease, and even death, in older adults. (9)
Studies done in animal and some human populations show that various types of flavonoids (quercetin, resveratrol and catechins, for example) can help reduce the risk of atherosclerosis, which is a dangerous condition caused by plaque building up within the arteries. Cut-off blood flow in the arteries is one of the primary risk factors for experiencing a heart attack or stroke, which is why cardiac arrest is less likely among people who eat a nutrient-packed diet.
Antioxidants also seem to protect the body from experiencing increases in LDL “bad” cholesterol and can help regulate blood pressure levels. Certain studies show that quercetin prevents damage to LDL cholesterol particles, and it seems that people who eat the most flavonoid-rich foods typically have healthier and lower cholesterol levels, plus less incidences of hypertension. In fact, if you’ve ever heard that red wine is good for your heart, that’s because it’s a natural source of quercetin. It’s one of the main active ingredients in red wine extract, which is associated with healthier heart function.
4. Helps Fight Pain
Taking quercetin supplements can help lower pain associated with autoimmune conditions, such as arthritis, as well as infections, including those of the prostate and respiratory tract. That’s because quercetin reduces inflammatory pain. (10) There’s some evidence from several small studies that people experiencing bladder pains from infections (causing an urgent need to urinate, swelling and burning) have fewer symptoms when taking quercetin supplements.
Flavonoids are also linked to reduced symptoms of prostatitis(inflammation of the prostate) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). There’s evidence that when patients with RA switch from eating a “typical Western diet” to one higher in antioxidant-rich foods (like uncooked berries, fruits, vegetables, nuts, roots, seeds and sprouts), they experience less pain and reoccurring symptoms, making quercetin a natural arthritis treatment.
5. Might Help Improve Endurance
Quercetin is added to some athletic supplements because it’s believed to help increase athletic performance and endurance, likely because of its positive effects on blood flow. Researchers from the School of Applied Physiology at the Georgia Institute of Technology found that, on average, “quercetin provides a statistically significant benefit in human endurance exercise capacity (VO(2max) and endurance exercise performance).” (11)
While improvements were at times small, it makes sense that antioxidants like quercetin could boost physical performance since they help increase the health of blood vessels, which carry oxygen and nutrients to muscle and joint tissue.
Other studies also show that quercetin helps increase immune function and prevents susceptibility to illnesses that can occur when someone trains intensely and experiences exhaustion. One study found evidence that taking 500 milligrams of quercetin twice daily helped protect cyclers from developing exercise-induced respiratory infections following periods of heavy exercise. (12)
6. Might Help Fight Cancer
A Boston University School of Medicine study published in the Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents shows a link between a nutrient-dense diet rich in quercetin plus other antioxidants and a lowered risk of cancer. (13) Quercetin seems to have potential chemo-preventive activity and might have a unique antiproliferative effect on cancerous cells, making it an effective addition to any natural cancer treatment approach.
Studies suggest that quercetin’s cancer-protecting effects result from the modulation of either EGFR or estrogen-receptor pathways. Flavonoids can help stop the processes involved in cell mutation, the growth of tumors and symptoms related to typical cancer treatments, such as radiation or chemotherapy.
Quercetin is considered a safe treatment approach for stopping cancer, and in the future, we might see it used as a natural therapy instead of, or in conjunction with, conventional methods. At this time, the majority of studies done on quercetin’s effects on cellular functioning have involved animals, so more research is still needed to reveal quercetin’s specific effects on human cancerous cells. This is especially true when taken in high doses above the amount someone would get from a healthy diet.
7. Helps Protect Skin Health
Capable of blocking “mast cells,” which are immune cells critical in triggering allergic reactions, inflammatory disease and autoimmune disease, quercetin helps protect skin from the effects of disorders like dermatitis and photosensitivity. (14) Flavonoids like quercetin block the release of many pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as IL-8 and TNF, which helps stop symptoms related to skin inflammation, even in people who don’t find relief from other conventional treatments or prescriptions.
Studies have found that quercetin’s potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds are natural ways to fight allergic and inflammatory diseases, as well as some prescriptions, when taken in oral supplement form.
Top Natural Sources of Quercetin
All types of tasty red, green and purple-pigmented plants come packed with quercetin — for example, red wine, blueberries, apples, red onion and even green tea are some of the best sources of quercetin. The amount of quercetin found in plant foods can vary a lot depending on where they’re grown, how fresh they are, how they’re prepared and so on.
Some of the top sources of quercetin to add to your diet include:
- Red wine
- Dark cherries and berries (blueberries, bilberries, blackberries and others)
- Cruciferous veggies, including broccoli, cabbage and sprouts
- Leafy green veggies, including spinach, kale
- Citrus fruits
- Whole grains, including buckwheat
- Raw asparagus
- Raw red onion
- Olive oil
- Black and green tea
- Herbs, including sage, American elder, St. John’s wort and ginkgo biloba
Are There Any Side Effects of Quercetin Supplements?
Because it’s derived naturally from foods, quercetin seems to be safe for almost everyone and poses little risks. Most studies have found little to no side effects in people eating nutrient-dense diets high in quercetin or taking supplements by mouth short term. Amounts up to 500 milligrams taken twice daily for 12 weeks appear to be very safe.
However, of course, in very high doses there are some risks, including headaches and tingling of the arms and legs. Very high doses taken intravenously have also been linked to cases of kidney damage, although this seems very rare. It’s also possible that quercetin supplementation can interact with the effectiveness of antibiotics, chemotherapy and blood-thinner medications, so use caution if you currently take any of these.
For women who are pregnant or breast-feeding, quercetin doesn’t seem to have any negative effects, although there hasn’t been much research done in this population so it’s always a good idea to talk it over with your doctor first.
Read Next: 6 Unbelievable Health Benefits of Bromelain
What Is Bromelain?
Pineapple, a South American native and a cherished part of Hawaiian folk medicine, is one of the richest sources in the world of the enzyme bromelain. It is composed of several endopeptidases and compounds like phosphatase, glucosidase, peroxidase, cellulase, escharase and protease inhibitors. (1) Usually “bromelain” sold in extract or supplement form refers to enzymes extracted from pineapple stems or cores, rather than from the fruit’s flesh.
Used widely as a natural remedy to treat everything from indigestion to allergies, pineapple is not only brimming with this enzyme, but also vitamin C, vitamin B1, potassium, manganese and phytonutrients. While pineapple has many benefits, the real secret to its healing powers is definitely bromelain.
What is bromelain used to treat? In the medical world, this fascinating compound has traditionally been used as a potent anti-inflammatory and anti-swelling agent. Research have also shown that it has fibrinolytic, antiedematous and antithrombotic properties, meaning it helps prevent blood clots, edema and swelling. (2) In the past, this enzyme was also used as a meat tenderizer, reason being it helps to soothe and relax tense, inflamed muscles and connective tissue. Additionally, recent studies have found evidence that this enzyme stops lung metastasis in its tracks, which suggests that bromelain can be used to treat a wide variety of diseases, potentially including cancer.
A look at the scientific literature, which includes 1,600-plus articles evaluating the medicinal benefits of bromelain, shows that it has been used to treat a wide range of health problems, including:
- Connective tissue injuries, such as ACL tears
- Sprained ankles
- Arthritis, joint pain and osteoarthritis
- Digestive issues like heartburn or diarrhea
- Cardiovascular disorders
- Autoimmune diseases
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Sinus infections, such as bronchitis and sinusitis
- Surgical trauma and slow healing of skin wounds or burns
- Poor absorption of drugs, especially antibiotics, and symptoms due to taking medications
7 Bromelain Benefits and Uses
- May Help Prevent Cancer
- Helps Treat Digestive Disorders
- Supports Faster Recovery from Surgery and Injuries
- Fights Allergies and Asthma
- Helps Prevent or Treat Sinus Infections (Rhinosinusitis)
- Helps Decrease Joint Pain
- May Support Weight Loss
1. May Help Prevent Cancer
In studies, bromelain has been found to have natural anti-cancer effects, including promoting apoptotic cell death and preventing tumor growth. (3) It’s been shown in animal studies that it can induce the production of distinct cytokines, that it has antimetastatic efficacy and that it inhibits metastasis by reducing platelet aggregation.
Studies have linked bromelain to increased protection against breast and lung cancer, and recently the journal Anticancer Drugspublished results from a clinical trial that suggested it affects malignant peritoneal mesothelioma — a rare cancer caused by asbestos exposure. According to the study, it was uncovered that “The addition of bromelain increased the die off of cancer cells (cytotoxicity) significantly… Bromelain has the potential of being developed as a therapeutic agent in treating malignant cancer.” (4)
2. Helps Treat Digestive Disorders
Why is bromelain good for you if you suffer from indigestion or a gastrointestinal disorder? Because it’s an enzyme that specifically helps with digesting proteins and has been found to help your body absorb nutrients and even medications more efficiently. Studies suggest that it decreases colonic inflammation and reduces secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines that damage the gut lining. (5) Because it’s very effective at healing tissues within the gastrointestinal tract, bromelain is beneficial for people with any of the following GI problems: (6)
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Ulcerative colitis
- Dyspepsia, or peptic ulcers due to heliobactor pylori infections
- Colon cancer
- Crohn’s disease
3. Supports Faster Recovery from Surgery and Injuries
Bromelain’s anti-inflammatory properties make it a great natural alternative to taking pain-killing medications, such as aspirin. One study that evaluated bromelain’s ability to treat patients who had impacted third molars extracted found that it supported wound healing and helped decrease pain and swelling following the patients’ operations. (7)
Most patients who undergo this surgery experience significant post-operative symptoms, and unfortunately, antibiotics and painkillers are not always effective at preventing infections or other discomfort during the healing process. Of the 80 people who participated in the study, those who were prescribed bromelain reported “significantly lower” post-operation pain, swelling and even redness compared to the control group prescribed a generic painkiller.
4. Fights Allergies and Asthma
The journal Evidenced-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine highlighted the results of a study that investigated how bromelain affected mice suffering from asthma. The study produced some interesting results — for example, that bromelain reduces allergic sensitization and stops development of other inflammatory responses affecting the airways. (8)
These findings suggests that this enzyme helps modulate the entire immune system. It can actually help prevent allergies by addressing the root cause — a hyperactive, oversensitive immune system. It was observed in the study that CD11c (+) dendritic cells and DC44 antigen-presenting cells were kept at bay when supplementing with bromelain, a sign that this enzyme is capable of targeting the underlying cause of asthma and allergies. This is why it helps most people suffering from symptoms like a stuffy/runny nose, itchy eyes, swollen lymph nodes, congestion and trouble breathing.
5. Helps Prevent or Treat Sinus Infections (Rhinosinusitis)
To see whether or not a daily dose of bromelain (300 FIP units, 600-milligram tablets) could help people suffering from chronic sinusitis (inflammation of the sinuses), researchers at the University of Cologne in Germany took 12 patients who had already had sinus surgery and treated them with bromelain for three months. They discovered the following bromelain benefits: Total symptom scores improved, total rhinoscopy scores improved, overall quality of life was enhanced and there were no adverse effects reported. (9)
Because surgery can oftentimes be ineffective at treating sinusitis, this research brings a lot of hope to people suffering from chronic sinus problems.
6. Helps Decrease Joint Pain
Due to its powerful anti-inflammatory and analgesic characteristics, bromelain is fantastic for reducing acute or chronic joint pain. The journal Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicinepublished a research trial that evaluated 42 osteoarthritis patients with degenerative spine or painful joint conditions.
Two 650-milligram capsules of bromelain were given to the patients two to three times each day on an empty stomach (depending on whether they had acute or chronic pain). Researchers discovered that pain decreased up to 60 percent in participants dealing with acute pain and more than 50 percent in those with chronic disorders. The researchers’ conclusion was that “Bromelain has been demonstrated to show anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties and may provide a safer alternative or adjunctive treatment for osteoarthritis.” (10)
7. May Support Weight Loss
Does research suggest there’s any link between bromelain and weight loss? Its effects on weight management and fat cells are still under investigation, but there’s reason to believe that it may help with weight loss due to its anti-inflammatory effects, ability to reduce pain, and capability of improving physical abilities and digestion.
According to a 2017 article published in PLOS One, “stem bromelain (SBM) is used as an anti-obesity alternative medicine.” (11) Some studies have found that bromelain helps downregulate adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein, fatty acid synthase and lipoprotein lipase. It may also inhibit adipogenesis (cell differentiation that can contribute to formation of fat cells) and reduce triglyceride accumulation.
Bromelain Foods and Sources
Wondering what fruits have bromelain in them, other than pineapple, and are there any other ways to get it other than from eating certain foods?
There are three primary ways to incorporate bromelain into your natural health regimen:
1. Pineapple Core
First, of course, is eating the fiber-rich core of a juicy, ripe pineapple. Bromelain is not found in significant quantities in other fruits, although pineapple is sometimes eaten along with immature, green papaya to increase absorption and provide the beneficial enzyme called papain. (12)
Eating pineapple (fresh or frozen) is the very best way to consume natural bromelain. It’s found in all parts of the pineapple but most concentrated in the core. Keep in mind that the riper the fruit is, the softer the core will be. So, make sure you keep your pineapple out on your counter for an extra day or two — this way you’re not gnawing on a tough stem. Note that the flesh of a pineapple is also good for you but doesn’t have the high bromelain content like the core does. The core is where the highest concentration is found.
2. Juicing Pineapples
Juicing the core of the pineapple or throwing it into a smoothie along with other vegetables like cucumber is an easy way to consume bromelain. Drinking fresh pineapple juice has been suggested to be a powerful remedy against inflammatory diseases. I recommend drinking four ounces a day to help prevent digestive issues and up to eight ounces to treat illnesses like ulcerative colitis, inflammatory bowel disease or constipation.
3. Bromelain Supplements/Extract
Bromelain supplements are usually found in the form of dried yellow powder, extracted from pineapple juice that is subjected to centrifugation, ultrafiltration and lyophilization. Taking a natural bromelain supplement or proteolytic enzyme supplement with bromelain can be quite effective if you’re treating a specific inflammatory or chronic disease. If you are trying to improve digestion you should take bromelain supplements with meals, but for all other health conditions you should take it on an empty stomach.
Bromelain Supplements and Dosage
How much bromelain should you take each day? The most commonly prescribed dosage ranges between 200–2,000 milligrams daily (usually around 500–800 milligrams per day). (13) However, for various conditions, many physicians may recommend other dosages. Below are suggested bromelain dosages depending on the condition you’re treating:
- To treat arthritis — 400 milligrams taken 1–2 times daily
- To help with allergies — 1,000 milligrams daily of bromelain and quercetin
- For help preventing cancer — 2,000 milligrams daily, ideally take with other proteolytic enzymes
- To improve digestion — 500 milligrams taken 3 times daily with meals; some people choose to mix bromelain powder into water and drink before meals
- For help with surgery recovery — 1,000 milligrams 3 times daily taken between meals
Bromelain should be taken on an empty stomach, unless you are taking it to improve digestion. Take it with meals if you’re using it for digestive purposes.
Bromelain is considered a natural supplement and not a medication, therefore it is not regulated by the FDA. However the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA, 1994) allows the sale of bromelain-containing dietary supplements, especially for the use of treating skin wounds and burns.
In terms of where to buy it, look for bromelain in health food stores or line. Some of the best bromelain supplements combine it with other digestive enzymes, furthering their effects. For example, you’ll find amylase (an enzyme needed to properly digest glucose) in a general digestive enzyme supplement that includes other key digestive enzymes as well. Look for a full-spectrum enzyme blend for general digestive improvement and other benefits.
To make bromelain’s effects even more powerful, combine it with other anti-inflammatory compounds, such as quercetin or cucumin (the active ingredient found in turmeric). Quercetin is a flavonoid antioxidant found in beverages and foods like red wine, green tea, kale and blueberries. It helps fight free radicals and has antiviral, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic capabilities. Turmeric is a powerful anti-inflammatory spice that is used medicinally as a natural alternative to, or in conjunction with, medications, such as NSAIDs, antidepressants (Prozac), anticoagulants (aspirin), arthritis drugs
and even cancer treatments like chemotherapy.
Making a smoothie with berries, pineapple, greens and turmeric is one way to obtain all of these medicinal herbs and compounds together.
Below are recipes that will provide you with bromelain:
- Pineapple and Cilantro Smoothie Recipe
- Anti-Inflammatory Juice Recipe
- Pina Colada Smoothie Recipe
- Sweet and Sour Chicken with Pineapple Recipe
Pineapple has a long history of use in places, including Hawaii, South America and Asia. According to the Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, “Bromelain was first isolated from pineapple juice in 1891 and introduced as a therapeutic supplement in 1957.” (14)
Some of the earliest medicinal uses of pineapple included applying pineapple dressings to wounds and skin injuries to reduce swelling and promote healing, and drinking pineapple juice to treat stomachaches and improve digestion. In Germany, bromelain has been safely used to treat connective tissue injuries, swelling following surgery and blood clots for decades. It is considered to be very safe when taken in moderate doses and continues to be associated with very impressive benefits as more studies are continue to be conducted.
Side Effects and Precautions
Bromelain is usually well-tolerated and unlikely to cause side effects. However, there are some instances when it’s unsafe to take this enzyme. Because it helps prevent blood clots, it’s important to be especially careful when consuming extra pineapple or bromelain supplements if you’re any taking blood-thinning medications. The same applies to surgery: Avoid taking it immediately following surgery unless you speak with your doctor first, as this can increase risk for bleeding.
Side effects that have been associated with this enzyme usually include gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, change in feces and increased gas. Bomelain allergy symptoms are possible and can include itchy mouth or skin, developing a rash, trouble breathing, nasal congestion, and watery eyes.
- Bromelain is a protein-digesting enzyme extracted from the flesh and stem of the pineapple plant.
- Benefits of bromelain include reducing inflammation and swelling, promoting wound healing, easing digestion, reducing muscular or joint pain, benefiting heart health, and reducing allergies or asthma.
- It can be obtained from eating pineapple (especially the stem/core), drinking pineapple juice or from taking it in supplement form. Dosages range from about 200–2,000 milligrams daily (usually around 500–800 milligrams per day).
- This enzyme is very well-tolerated but shouldn’t be taken by people taking blood-thinning medications, who have bleeding disorders or who are allergic to pineapple.
Dr. Josh Axe is on a mission to provide you and your family with the highest quality nutrition tips and healthy recipes in the world…